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Elterngeld (Germany)

The parental allowance is a transfer payment dependent on net income as compensation for concrete disadvantages in the early phase of starting a family and thus a parent-related, temporary compensation payment. The parental allowance replaces the ...

Empty nest syndrome

Empty nest syndrome is a feeling of grief and loneliness parents may feel when their children leave home for the first time, such as to live on their own or to attend a college or university. It is not a clinical condition. Since young adults mov ...

Endocrinology of parenting

Endocrinology of parenting has been the subject of considerable study with focus both on human females and males and on females and males of other mammalian species. Parenting as an adaptive problem in mammals involves specific endocrine signals ...

Euro-orphan

Euro-orphan or EU orphan is a neologism used metaphorically to describe a "social orphan" in the European Union whose parents have migrated to another member state, typically for economic reasons. The child is left behind, often in the care of ol ...

Evolutionary psychology of parenting

Evolutionarily speaking, offspring have a greater bond to mothers than fathers; women are universally known to be the direct caregivers in a parent-offspring relationship, whereas males are seen as material resource providers or involved only wit ...

Family cap

The family cap denies mothers and families who receive welfare assistance further financial assistance after the birth of another child. It applies to some of the United States and in some other countries, such as South Korea and Singapore.

Family planning

Family planning services are defined as "educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be ...

Feral child

A feral child is a human child who has lived isolated from human contact from a very young age, and so has had little or no experience of human care, behavior or human language. There are several confirmed cases and other speculative ones. Feral ...

Ferber method

The Ferber method, or Ferberization, is a technique invented by Dr. Richard Ferber to solve infant sleep problems. It involves "baby-training" children to self-soothe by allowing the child to cry for a predetermined amount of time before receivin ...

Flat Daddy

A Flat Daddy is a life-sized cardboard cut-out of someone absent from home, the idea being to keep connected to family members during a deployment. Flat Daddies came in fashion after the start of the Iraq War when spouses and children were left a ...

Free-range parenting

Free-range parenting is the concept of raising children in the spirit of encouraging them to function independently and with limited parental supervision, in accordance of their age of development and with a reasonable acceptance of realistic per ...

Gatekeeper parent

A gatekeeper parent is a term sometimes utilized in the legal arena to refer to a parent who appoints themself the power to decide what relationship is acceptable between the other parent and the child. The term is broad and may refer to power dy ...

Godparent

A godparent, in many denominations of Christianity, is someone who bears witness to a childs christening and later is willing to help in their catechesis, as well as their lifelong spiritual formation. In the past, in some countries, the role car ...

Helicopter parent

A helicopter parent is a parent who pays extremely close attention to a childs or childrens experiences and problems, particularly at educational institutions. Helicopter parents are so named because, like helicopters, they "hover overhead", over ...

Hong Kong Kids phenomenon

Hong Kong Kids or Kong Kids is an expression, often derogatory, that refers to a subset of children or teenagers in Hong Kong who, among other undesirable traits, are overly dependent, have low emotional intelligence and have weak self-management ...

Hotsaucing

Hot saucing is the practice of disciplining a child by putting hot sauce in the childs mouth. Some pediatricians, psychologists and experts on child care strongly recommend against this practice.

Indigo children

Indigo children, according to a pseudoscientific New Age concept, are children who are believed to possess special, unusual, and sometimes supernatural traits or abilities. The idea is based on concepts developed in the 1970s by Nancy Ann Tappe a ...

Infant sleep training

During the first year of life, infants spend most of their time in the sleeping state. Assessment of sleep during infancy presents an opportunity to study the impact of sleep on the maturation of the central nervous system CNS, overall functionin ...

Joint custody

Joint custody is a form of child custody pursuant to which custody rights are awarded to both parents. Joint custody may refer to joint physical custody, joint legal custody, or both combined. In joint legal custody, both parents of a child share ...

Joint custody (United States)

Joint custody is a court order whereby custody of a child is awarded to both parties. In the United States, there are two forms of joint custody, joint physical custody and joint legal custody. In joint physical custody, the lodging and care of t ...

List of shared parenting legislation

Legislation on shared parenting is an attempt at family court reform to make shared parenting more common at the expense of sole custody, so that children of divorced parents can maintain a close daily relationship with both their mother and fath ...

Mama and papa

In linguistics, mama and papa are considered a special case of false cognates. In many languages of the world, sequences of sounds similar to /mama/ and /papa/ mean "mother" and "father", usually but not always in that order. This is thought to b ...

Monster parents

Monster parents is a term characterizing irrational parenting. Monster parents are known to raise their children with a "bizarre blend of authoritarianism and overprotectiveness." They are overprotective by virtue of making numerous requests and ...

Nurturant parent model

The nurturant parent model also "Nurturing Parent" is a metaphor, for a belief system, which is built upon an underlying value system. In this Nurturant Parenting contrasts with Stern Father parenting as two distinct metaphors each used as icons ...

Only child

An only child is a person with no siblings, biological nor adopted. Children who have half-siblings or step-siblings, either living at the same house or a different house - especially those who were born considerably later - may have a similar fa ...

Parent-Child Interaction Assessment-II

The Parent-Child Interaction Assessment-II is a direct observation procedure. Parents and 3- to 10-year-old children are videotaped as they play at a make-believe zoo. They are presented with a series of story stems and are asked to "Play out wha ...

Parental alienation

Parental alienation describes a process through which a child becomes estranged from a parent as the result of the psychological manipulation of another parent. The childs estrangement may manifest itself as fear, disrespect or hostility toward t ...

Parental alienation syndrome

Parental alienation syndrome is a term introduced by child psychiatrist Richard Gardner in 1985 to describe a distinctive suite of behaviors in children that includes showing extreme but unwarranted fear, disrespect or hostility towards a parent. ...

Parental brain

Parental experience, as well as changing hormone levels during pregnancy and postpartum, cause changes in the parental brain. Displaying maternal sensitivity towards infant cues, processing those cues and being motivated to engage socially with h ...

Parental controls

Parental controls are features which may be included in digital television services, computer and video games, mobile devices and software that allow parents to restrict the access of content to their children. These controls were created to assi ...

Parental supervision

Parental supervision is a parenting technique that involves looking after, or monitoring a childs activities. Young children are generally incapable of looking after themselves, and incompetent in making informed decisions for their own well-bein ...

DNA paternity testing

DNA paternity testing is the use of DNA profiles to determine whether an individual is the biological parent of another individual. Paternity testing can be especially important when the rights and duties of the father are in issue and a childs p ...

List of parenting issues affecting separated parents

This list identifies a range of parenting issues that affecting separated and divorced parents, that is regarding their children: Joint custody Child custody Childrens centre Child support through the Child Support Agency UK or Australia or local ...

Dolphin parenting

A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing. The quality of parenting can be more essential than the quantity of time spent with the child. For instance, a parent can spe ...

Parents with disabilities

Parents with disabilities are those who are raising children and have disorders in a certain aspect for example mental, physical and so on. There is more accurate classification of different types of disabilities, basing on disabled parents’ phys ...

Paternal care

In biology, paternal care is parental investment provided by a male to his own offspring. It is a complex social behaviour in vertebrates associated with animal mating systems, life history traits, and ecology. Paternal care may be provided in co ...

Paternity law

Paternity law refers to body of law underlying legal relationship between a father and his biological or adopted children and deals with the rights and obligations of both the father and the child to each other as well as to others. A childs pate ...

Pester power

Pester power ", or "the nag factor ", as the phenomenon is known in U.S. literature, is the "tendency of children, who are bombarded with marketers messages, to unrelentingly request advertised items". The phrase is used to describe the negative ...

Play date

Play date or playdate is an expression primarily used in the US for an arranged appointment for children to get together for a few hours to play. It should not be confused with dating as there is not an implied romantic component to it. Play date ...

Positive discipline

Positive Discipline or PD is a discipline model used by schools and in parenting that focuses on the positive points of behavior. It is based on the idea that there are no bad children, just good and bad behaviors. Good behavior can be taught and ...

Reflective Parenting

Reflective Parenting is a theory of parenting developed from the work of psychoanalyst Peter Fonagy and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic in London. Fonagy introduced the concept of" reflective functioning”, which is defined as the ability t ...

Relative outcomes of parenting by biological and adoptive parents

Research into relative outcomes of parenting by biological and adoptive parents has produced a variety of results. When socioeconomic differences between two-biological-parent and two-adoptive-parent households are controlled for, the two types o ...

Reparenting

Reparenting is a form of psychotherapy in which the therapist actively assumes the role of a new or surrogate parental figure for the client, in order to treat psychological disturbances caused by defective, even abusive, parenting. The underlyin ...

Responsible fatherhood

The responsible fatherhood movement encourages fathers to be involved in their childrens lives and advocates for societal support of such involvement.

Romeo and Juliet effect

The Romeo and Juliet effect is when of parental opposition to a relationship intensifies the romantic feelings of those in the relationship. The effect gets its name from the relationship between the protagonists in William Shakespeares late 16th ...

Sanctimommy

Sanctimommy is a portmanteau of two words, sanctimonious and mommy. The word is a colloquialism used to refer to a person, usually a female, who has very opinionated views on child rearing and presents them upfront without any sense of humility.

Self-monitoring

Self-monitoring is a concept introduced during the 1970s by Mark Snyder, that shows how much people monitor their self-presentations, expressive behavior, and nonverbal affective displays. Human beings generally differ in substantial ways in thei ...

Shared parenting

Shared parenting, shared residence, joint residence, shared custody, and joint physical custody, all refers to a child custody arrangement after divorce or separation, in which both parents share the responsibility of raising their child, with eq ...

Shared residency in England

Shared residence, joint residence, or shared parenting refers to the situation where a child of parents who have divorced or separated live with each parent at different times, such as every other week. With shared residency, both parents have pa ...

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