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Fiction theory

Fiction Theory is a discipline that applies possible world theory to literature. Fiction theory scholars and critics have articulated various theses rooted in Saul Kripke’s application of modal logic to semantics. Drawing on concepts found in pos ...

Communication Theory as a Field

Communication Theory as a Field is a 1999 article by Robert T. Craig, attempting to unify the academic field of communication theory. Craig argues that communication theorists can become unified in dialogue by charting what he calls the "dialogic ...

Frog pond effect

The frog pond effect is the theory that individuals evaluate themselves as worse when in a group of higher performing individuals. The frog pond effect is a part of the wider social comparison theory. It relates to how individuals evaluate themse ...

Hyperpersonal model

The hyperpersonal model is a model of interpersonal communication that suggests computer-mediated communication can become hyperpersonal because it "exceeds interaction", thus affording message senders a host of communicative advantages over trad ...

Ideal managerial climate

Ideal managerial climate is a concept within organizational communication. Introduced by W. Charles Redding in 1972, this theoretical concept serves as a comprehensive model for management, and organizations as a whole, that places emphasis on re ...

Image restoration theory

Introduced by William Benoit, image restoration theory outlines strategies that can be used to restore ones image in an event where reputation has been damaged. Image restoration theory can be applied as an approach for understanding personal or ...

Information manipulation theory

Information manipulation theory & is a way of looking at interpersonal communication. It deals with the way a sender might assemble information packages to a receiver in order to give an impression that is false from the perspective of the sender ...

Harold Innis's communications theories

Harold Adams Innis was a professor of political economy at the University of Toronto and the author of seminal works on Canadian economic history and on media and communication theory. He helped develop the staples thesis, which holds that Canada ...

Integrationism

Integrationism is an approach in the theory of communication that emphasizes innovative participation by communicators within contexts and rejects rule-based models of language. It was developed by a group of linguists at the University of Oxford ...

Interpersonal adaptation theory

Interpersonal adaptation theory is often referred to as a theory of theories. Several theories have been developed to provide frameworks as explanations of social interactions. After reviewing and examining various communication theories and prev ...

Interpersonal deception theory

Interpersonal deception theory attempts to explain how individuals handle actual deception at the conscious or subconscious level while engaged in face-to-face communication. IDT assumes that communication is not static; it is influenced by perso ...

Lasswell's model of communication

Lasswells model of communication describes an act of communication by defining who said it, what was said, in what channel it was said, to whom it was said, and with what effect it was said. It is regarded by many communication and public relatio ...

Law of the suppression of radical potential

The law of the suppression of radical potential is an idea first described by Brian Winston in his book, Misunderstanding Media. It states that when a communications technology is realized, its growth is suppressed through the constraining influe ...

LC4MP

The Limited Capacity Model of Motivated Mediated Message Processing or LC4MP is an explanatory theory that assumes humans have a limited capacity for cognitive processing of information, as it associates with mediated message variables; moreover, ...

Loaded language

Loaded language is rhetoric used to influence an audience by using words and phrases with strong connotations associated with them in order to invoke an emotional response and/or exploit stereotypes. Loaded words and phrases have significant emot ...

Mean world syndrome

Mean world syndrome is a cognitive bias where people perceive the world to be more dangerous than it actually is due to long-term, moderate to heavy exposure to violence-related content on mass media. Mean world syndrome asserts that viewers who ...

Mediated quasi-interaction

Mediated quasi-interaction is a concept in communication science that describes a monological interaction between people, which is oriented towards an indefinite range of potential recipients. It involves a fundamental asymmetry between producers ...

Medium theory

Medium theory is the name assigned to a variety of approaches used to examine how the means of expression of human communication impact the meaning of human communication. Joshua Meyrowitz originated the term in his 1985 book, No Sense of Place. ...

Message design logic

Message design logic is a communication theory that makes the claim that individuals possess implicit theories of communication within themselves, called message design logics. Referred to as a" theory of theories,” Message Design Logic offers th ...

Miller's law

Millers law, part of his theory of communication, was formulated by George A. Miller 1920–2012, Professor of Psychology at Princeton University. It instructs us to suspend judgment about what someone is saying so that we can first understand them ...

Monopolies of knowledge

Monopolies of knowledge arise when the ruling class maintains political power through control of key communications technologies. The Canadian economic historian Harold Innis developed the concept of monopolies of knowledge in his later writings ...

Mood management theory

Mood management theory posits that the consumption of messages, particularly entertaining messages, is capable of altering prevailing mood states, and that the selection of specific messages for consumption often serves the regulation of mood states.

Multimodality

Multimodality is the application of multiple literacies within one medium. For example, understanding a televised weather forecast involves understanding spoken language, written language, weather specific language, geography, and symbols. Multip ...

Non-verbal leakage

Non-verbal leakage is a form of non-verbal behavior that occurs when a person verbalizes one thing, but their body language indicates another, common forms of which include facial movements and hand-to-face gestures. The term "non-verbal leakage" ...

Organizational information theory

Organizational Information Theory is a communication theory, developed by Karl Weick, offering systemic insight into the processing and exchange of information within organizations and among its members. Unlike the past structure-centered theory, ...

Organon model

The organon model, formulated by Karl Buhler, defined the functions of communication according to which linguistic communication can be described. Buhlers work influenced Roman Jakobson for his communication model. Buhler identified the following ...

Ostension

In communication theory and especially in relevance theory, ostensive behaviour or ostension is a behaviour that signals the intention to communicate something. This can be a gesture such as pointing, or shifting position to draw an addressees at ...

Parasocial relationships

A parasocial relationship is a one-sided relationship that media users form as a result of exposure to media personas. In 1956, the term parasocial relationship was coined by Donald Horton and R. Richard Wohl. They focused on the psychological at ...

Predicted outcome value theory

Predicted outcome value theory introduced in 1996 by Michael Sunnafrank, posits that people seek information in initial interactions and relationships to determine the benefits of interpersonal relationships by predicting the value of future outc ...

Priming (media)

The priming theory states that media images stimulate related thoughts in the minds of audience members. Grounded in cognitive psychology, the theory of media priming is derived from the associative network model of human memory, in which an idea ...

Communication privacy management theory

Communication privacy management, originally known as communication boundary management, is a systematic research theory designed to develop an evidence-based understanding of the way people make decisions about revealing and concealing private i ...

Problematic integration theory

Problematic integration theory is a theory of communication that addresses the processes and dynamics of how people receive, evaluate, and respond to information and experiences. The premises of PI are based on the view that message processing, s ...

Reinforcement theory

Reinforcement theory is a limited effects media model applicable within the realm of communication. The theory generally states that people seek out and remember information that provides cognitive support for their pre-existing attitudes and bel ...

Relational dialectics

Relational dialectics is an interpersonal communication theory about close personal ties and relationships that highlights the tensions, struggles and interplay between contrary tendencies. The theory, proposed respectively by Leslie Baxter and B ...

Rhetoric of social intervention model

The "rhetoric of social intervention" model is a systemic communication theory of how human beings symbolically constitute, maintain, and change social systems. The RSI model was developed in the writings of communication theorist William R. Brow ...

The Rhetorical Presidency

The rhetorical presidency is a political communication theory that describes the communication and government style of U.S. presidents in the twentieth century. This theory describes the transition from a presidency that directed rhetoric toward ...

Secondary orality

Secondary orality is a concept in the work of scholar Walter J. Ong, as first described in book form with his publication of Rhetoric, Romance, and Technology: Studies in the Interaction of Expression and Culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press ...

Shabda

Shabda, or Sabda, is the Sanskrit word for "speech sound". In Sanskrit grammar, the term refers to an utterance in the sense of linguistic performance.

Situational crisis communication theory

Situational Crisis Communication Theory, posited by W. Timothy Coombs is a theory in the field of crisis communication. It suggests that crisis managers should match strategic crisis responses to the level of crisis responsibility and reputationa ...

Social comparison theory

Social comparison theory, initially proposed by social psychologist Leon Festinger in 1954, centers on the belief that there is a drive within individuals to gain accurate self-evaluations. The theory explains how individuals evaluate their own o ...

Social information processing (theory)

Social information processing theory, also known as SIP, is an interpersonal communication theory and media studies theory developed in 1992 by Joseph Walther. Social information processing theory explains online interpersonal communication witho ...

Social network

A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors, sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors. The social network perspective provides a set of methods for analyzing the structure of whole social enti ...

Social objects

Social objects are objects that gain meaning through processes of reification. Studies of this phenomenon have its origins in classical cognitive sociology, the historical traditions of the sociology of knowledge and phenomenology. A prominent wo ...

Social undermining

Social undermining is the expression of negative emotions directed towards a particular person or negative evaluations of the person as a way to prevent the person from achieving their goals. This behavior can often be attributed to certain feeli ...

Speaking Into The Air

Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication, written by American scholar John Durham Peters, is a major work in communication studies and the authors first book. Peters asserts that communicating like angels is "impossible" but ...

Speech codes theory

Speech codes theory refers to a framework for communication in a given speech community. As an academic discipline, it explores the manner in which groups communicate based on societal, cultural, gender, occupational or other factors. A speech co ...

Sphota

Sphota is an important concept in the Indian grammatical tradition of Vyakarana, relating to the problem of speech production, how the mind orders linguistic units into coherent discourse and meaning. The theory of sphota is associated with Bhart ...

Symbolic communication

Symbolic communication is the exchange of messages that change a priori expectation of events. Examples of this are modern communication technology and the exchange of information amongst animals. By referring to objects and ideas not present at ...

Text and conversation theory

Text and conversation is a theory in the field of organizational communication illustrating how communication makes up an organization. In the theorys simplest explanation, an organization is created and defined by communication. Communication "i ...

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