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Baumol's cost disease

Baumols cost disease is the rise of salaries in jobs that have experienced no or low increase of labor productivity, in response to rising salaries in other jobs that have experienced higher labor productivity growth. This pattern seemingly goes ...

Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

The Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre is an independent federal research institute in Belgium that provides multidisciplinary scientific advice to relevant persons and authorities on topics related to health care. More specifically, the KCE ca ...

PMPM

Capitation is a payment arrangement for health care service providers. It pays a set amount for each enrolled person assigned to them, per period of time, whether or not that person seeks care. The amount of remuneration is based on the average e ...

Case mix

Case mix, also casemix and patient mix, is a term used within healthcare as a synonym for cohort; essentially, a case mix groups statistically related patients. An example case mix might be male patients under the age of 50, who present with a my ...

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

The Centre for Reviews and Dissemination is a health services research centre based at the University of York, England. CRD was established in January 1994, and aims to provide research-based information for evidence-based medicine. CRD carries o ...

Choosing Healthplans All Together

"Choosing Healthplans All Together" is the name given to a simulation exercise in which players decide which benefit types they would like to include in their health insurance package, and what level of service they prioritize. This activity emph ...

Clinical peer review

Clinical peer review, also known as medical peer review is the process by which health care professionals, including those in nursing and pharmacy, evaluate each others clinical performance. A discipline-specific process may be referenced accordi ...

Cochrane (organisation)

Cochrane is a British international charitable organisation formed to organise medical research findings to facilitate evidence-based choices about health interventions involving health professionals, patients and policy makers. It includes 53 re ...

Colorado Department of Health Care Policy and Financing

The Colorado Department of Health Care Policy and Financing is the principal department of the Colorado state government responsible for administering the Medicaid and Child Health Plan Plus programs as well as a variety of other programs for Col ...

Comparative effectiveness research

Comparative effectiveness research is the direct comparison of existing health care interventions to determine which work best for which patients and which pose the greatest benefits and harms. The core question of comparative effectiveness resea ...

Cost of HIV treatment

The cost of HIV treatment is a complicated issue with an extremely wide range of costs due to varying factors such as the type of antiretroviral therapy and the country in which the treatment is administered. The first line therapy of HIV, or the ...

Cost sharing

In health care, cost sharing occurs when patients pay for a portion of health care costs not covered by health insurance. The "out-of-pocket" payment varies among healthcare plans and depends on whether or not the patient chooses to use a healthc ...

Cost-effectiveness analysis

Cost-effectiveness analysis is a form of economic analysis that compares the relative costs and outcomes of different courses of action. Cost-effectiveness analysis is distinct from cost–benefit analysis, which assigns a monetary value to the mea ...

Cost-minimization analysis

Cost-minimization is a tool used in pharmacoeconomics to compare the cost per course of treatment when alternative therapies have demonstrably equivalent clinical effectiveness. Therapeutic equivalence including adverse reactions, complications a ...

Cost-shifting

Cost-shifting is either an economic situation where one individual, group, or government underpays for a service, resulting another individual, group or government overpaying for a service. It can occur where one group pays a smaller share of cos ...

Cost–utility analysis

Cost–utility analysis is a form of financial analysis used to guide procurement decisions. The most common and well-known application of this analysis is in pharmacoeconomics, especially health technology assessment HTA.

Critical illness insurance

Critical illness insurance, otherwise known as critical illness cover or a dread disease policy, is an insurance product in which the insurer is contracted to typically make a lump sum cash payment if the policyholder is diagnosed with one of the ...

Death panel

Death panel is a political term that originated during the 2009 debate about federal health care legislation to cover the uninsured in the United States. Sarah Palin, former Republican Governor of Alaska, coined the term when she charged that pro ...

Deductible

In an insurance policy, the deductible is the amount paid out of pocket by the policy holder before an insurance provider will pay any expenses. In general usage, the term deductible may be used to describe one of several types of clauses that ar ...

Dental tourism

Dental tourism is a subset of the sector known as medical tourism. It involves individuals seeking dental care outside their local healthcare systems and may be accompanied by a vacation. Dental tourism is growing worldwide, as the world becomes ...

Disability management program

A disability management program, or DMP, is used by employers to assist employees who are unable to work due to injury or illness. The DMP consists of several components, however not all DMPs have all possible components. Smaller programs may onl ...

Disability-adjusted life year

The disability-adjusted life year is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death. It was developed in the 1990s as a way of comparing the overall health and life expectan ...

Diseases of poverty

Diseases of poverty are diseases that are more prevalent in low-income populations. They include infectious diseases, as well as diseases related to malnutrition and poor health behaviors. Poverty is one of the major social determinants of health ...

Economic evaluation

Economic evaluation is the process of systematic identification, measurement and valuation of the inputs and outcomes of two alternative activities, and the subsequent comparative analysis of these. The purpose of economic evaluation is to identi ...

EMBRACE Healthcare Reform Plan

The E xpanding M edical and B ehavioral R esources with A ccess to C are for E veryone plan is a healthcare system reform proposal introduced by a group called Healthcare Professionals for Healthcare Reform. The plan incorporates elements of priv ...

Disease burden

Disease burden is the impact of a health problem as measured by financial cost, mortality, morbidity, or other indicators. It is often quantified in terms of quality-adjusted life years or disability-adjusted life years. Both of these metrics qua ...

EQ-5D

EQ-5D is a standardized instrument for measuring generic health status. It has been widely used in population health surveys, clinical studies, economic evaluation and in routine outcome measurement in the delivery of operational healthcare. EQ-5 ...

Equalization pool

An equalization pool is a fund created to level out differences in financial risk, often across long periods of time, in a process known as risk equalization. Examples include mandatory health insurance and grower co-operatives.

Exchange Information Disclosure Act

The Exchange Information Disclosure Act is a bill that would require the United States Department of Health and Human Services to submit weekly reports to Congress about how many people are using HealthCare.gov and signing up for health insurance ...

Federal Compulsory Medical Insurance Fund (Russia)

Federal Compulsory Medical Insurance Fund is one of the state budget funds established to finance medical services to Russian citizens. Created on February 24, 1993 by decision of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR № 4543-I. The activities of the fu ...

Fee splitting

This is essentially the payment of a commission to the referrer with the express intention of ensuring that the referring doctor directs referrals of patients to the payee. In most parts of the world, the practice is considered unethical and unac ...

Fee-for-service

Fee-for-service is a payment model where services are unbundled and paid for separately. In health care, it gives an incentive for physicians to provide more treatments because payment is dependent on the quantity of care, rather than quality of ...

Free-market healthcare

In a system of free-market healthcare, prices for healthcare goods and services are set freely by agreement between patients and health care providers, and the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, p ...

Grossman model of health demand

The Grossman model of health demand is a model for studying the demand for health and medical care outlined by Michael Grossman in a monograph in 1972 entitled: The demand for health: A theoretical and empirical investigation. The model based dem ...

Group purchasing organization

In the United States, a group purchasing organization is an entity that is created to leverage the purchasing power of a group of businesses to obtain discounts from vendors based on the collective buying power of the GPO members. Many GPOs are f ...

Health care finance in the United States

Health care finance in the United States discusses how Americans obtain and pay for their healthcare, and why U.S. healthcare costs are the highest in the world based on various measures.

Health care prices in the United States

Health care prices in the United States describes market and non-market factors that determine pricing, along with possible causes as to why prices are higher than other countries. Compared to other OECD countries, U.S. healthcare costs are one-t ...

Health care ratings

Health care ratings are ratings or evaluations of health care. In the United States they have been an increasingly used tool to try to drive accountability among health care providers and in the context of classic supply/demand view of Health eco ...

Health care rationing

In the United Kingdom, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence NICE sets coverage requirements for the National Health Service NHS, which is funded and operated by the government. NICE calculates an incremental cost-effectiveness ra ...

Comparison of the healthcare systems in Canada and the United States

Comparison of the healthcare systems in Canada and the United States is often made by government, public health and public policy analysts. The two countries had similar healthcare systems before Canada changed its system in the 1960s and 1970s. ...

Health impact assessment

Health impact assessment is defined as "a combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within t ...

De facto denial

De facto denial or functional denial is a situation that can occur in health insurance and workers compensation insurance when a claim is not denied outright, but in practical terms it is not covered. If cost reduction by an insurer is the reason ...

Health services research

Health services research became a burgeoning field in North America in the 1960s, when scientific information and policy deliberation began to coalesce. Also known as health systems research or health policy and systems research, is a multidiscip ...

Health Utilities Index

The Health Utilities Index is a rating scale used to measure general health status and health-related quality of life. HUI questionnaires are designed to map onto two classification systems, HUI-2 and HUI-3, capable of measuring 24.000 and 972.00 ...

Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio

The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio is a statistic used in cost-effectiveness analysis to summarise the cost-effectiveness of a health care intervention. It is defined by the difference in cost between two possible interventions, divided by ...

Inequality in disease

Social epidemiology focuses on the patterns in morbidity and mortality rates that emerge as a result of social characteristics. While an individuals lifestyle choices or family history may place him or her at an increased risk for developing cert ...

Health insurance

Health insurance is an insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over numerous persons. By estimating the overall risk of health care and health system expenses over the risk ...

Inverse benefit law

The inverse benefit law states that the ratio of benefits to harms among patients taking new drugs tends to vary inversely with how extensively a drug is marketed. Two Americans, Howard Brody and Donald Light, have defined the inverse benefit law ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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